عنوان مقاله [English]
This study aimed to identify the causes of instability of democratic developments in contemporary Iran. The four waves of transition to democracy in Iran are: the Constitutional Revolution, the Oil Nationalization Movement, the Islamic Revolution 57, and the Reform Movement. But at every turn we are witnessing a fragile democracy. To explain this issue, experts have proposed their views. Samuel Huntington's integrated theory has been proposed as a guiding theory in qualitative analysis by emphasizing the role of leadership ability as a Agency And the influence of the nature of government, civil society and international conditions as structural conditions in contemporary Iran has been proposed as a guiding theory in qualitative analysis. The historical-comparative method with Boolean algebra has been used. The result of the qualitative analysis of this research shows the power of explaining the structural aspect of Huntington's theory. Although the ability to lead and influence the great powers such as the United States, Britain and Russia have been influential in contemporary history, But they have not been a sufficient condition for the consolidation of democracy. In the final analysis, the weakness of civil society and the fragility of the nature of the state (patrimonial, rentier and ideological) are considered as a necessary and sufficient condition for the event of fragile democracy in contemporary Iran.